Freidhoff, J. R. (2019). Michigan’s k-12 virtual learning effectiveness report 2017-18. Lansing, MI: Michigan Virtual University.

Available from https://mvlri.org/research/publications/michigans-k-12-virtual-learning-effectiveness-report-2017-18/

The Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute analysis of 2017-2018 outcomes shows that virtual learning is simply not a good fit for all students. The findings include:

  • For those living in poverty, virtual learners had a pass rate that was 20% lower than non-virtual learners (49% compared to 69%).
  • Across all grades, the virtual pass rate was 55% compared to 79% for non-virtual learners. Worse, students who have been unsuccessful in face to face courses are disproportionately likely to fail virtual courses.
    • Students who passed all non-virtual courses have an 86% pass rate in virtual courses
    • Students who did not pass 1 or 2 non-virtual courses had 62% pass rate in virtual courses
    • Students who did not pass three or more non-virtual courses had a 39% pass rate in virtual courses
  • Although enrolment in virtual learning enrollments have increased by more than 500% since 2010, the virtual learning pass rate has dropped from 66% to 55% over the same period.